Bipolar disorder is characterized by extreme mood fluctuations, such as manic or hypomanic episodes, as well as emotional lows (depression).
When you feel depressed, you could feel gloomy or hopeless and lose interest in or enjoyment of most activities. Mania or hypomania (a milder version of mania) could affect you and leave you feeling happy, energized, or too irritable. These mood swings can affect one’s ability to think, energy levels, activities, judgment, and sleep.
Mood swing episodes can happen infrequently or repeatedly each year. While the majority of people will have some emotional symptoms in between bouts, some people might not. Although bipolar disorder is a lifelong diagnosis, by adhering to a treatment plan, you can control your mood swings and other symptoms. The majority of the time, psychotherapy and drugs are used to treat bipolar disorder.